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Solar System Phenomena - Neptune

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The chart shows the path of Neptune across the background stars over the course of the year. Stars to magnitude +10.5 are shown. The white circles represent the planet on the first day of the month (the thirteenth circle representing 1 January next year) and are scaled according to apparent magnitude. The faint path before the first circle and after the last circle represent the planet's positions in December of last year and January of next year. In general, the planet moves from right to left except when it's in retrograde and proceding in the opposite direction.

Neptune is the most distant planet in the solar system from the Sun and the smallest of the four gas giants. Because of its great distance, it is not visible to the naked eye so a small telescope is always necessary to observe it. Neptune begins the year as an evening sky object in the constellation of Aquarius but is soon lost in evening twilight as it approaches conjunction in March. It reappears in the morning sky and draws away from the Sun until it reaches opposition in September. It is visible in the evening sky for the rest of the year. The Moon makes a series of close passes to the planet throughout the year and the blue ice giant appears very close to Mars in early December.

01 Januarymaximum declination south
20 January1.6° north of the Moon
04 Marchconjunction
12 April1.9° north of the Moon
10 May2.0° north of the Moon
06 June2.0° north of the Moon
07 Junewest quadrature (magnitude +7.9)
16 Junemaximum declination north
19 Junestationary - direct to retrograde
27 August2.0° north of the Moon
07 Septemberopposition (magnitude +7.8)
23 September2.0° north of the Moon
23 Novembermaximum declination south
25 Novemberstationary - retrograde to direct
05 Decembereast quadrature (magnitude +7.9)
07 December0.4° south of Mars