SkyEye

(Un)Common Star Names

What's in a Name?

Stars have many names. Throughout the ages, people have devised numbering or lettering systems to identify stars within a constellation. A given star may have a different designation in every catalogue in which it appears. However, in addition to all of these identifiers, some of the brighter stars have proper names as well; names like Arcturus or Polaris or Rigel or Sirius or Vega. Most of these names have been handed down from antiquity via Arab astronomers but a few have been coined as recently as the twentieth and twenty-first centuries.

Please note that only the International Astronomical Union has the authority to name celestial objects and they do not sell names to the public.

Beware any company that claims to name stars for you. Such names have no official sanction and are not recognised by any scientific body.

Ancient and Modern Names

Below is a list of common (and not so common) names for certain stars. Historically, the spellings have varied slightly from source to source and not everyone has agreed on the original meanings, but beginning in 2016, the IAU has approved the following names:

NameBayer or Catalogue DesignationMeaningSources
Acamar θ Eri the end of the river [Arabic] A B D I K
Achernar α Eri the end of the river [Arabic] A B D I K
Achird η Cas [unknown] B I
Acrab β1 Sco the scorpion [Arabic] A B I K P
Acrux α Cru a (for alpha) + crux A D I K
Acubens α Cnc the claw [Arabic] A B D I K
Adhafera ζ Leo the lock of hair [Arabic] A D I K
Adhara ε CMa the virgins [Arabic] A B D I K P
Adhil ξ And the train of the garment [Arabic] A I K
Ain ε Tau the eye of the bull [Arabic] A B I K P
Ainalrami ν1 Sgr the eye of the archer [Arabic] A I
Aladfar η Lyr the talons of the falling eagle [Arabic] A I
Albaldah π Sgr [unknown] A I
Albali ε Aqr the good fortune of the swallower [Arabic] A B D I K
Albireo β1 Cyg [unknown] A B D I K P
Alchiba α Crv the tent [Arabic] A B D I K P
Alcor 80 UMa the black horse, the friendless or solitary one [Arabic] A B D I K
Alcyone η Tau one of the Pleiades [Greek] A B D I K P
Aldebaran α Tau the follower [Arabic] A B D I K P
Alderamin α Cep the right forearm, the preceding one of the two cubits/forearms [Arabic] A B D I K P
Aldhanab γ Gru the tail [Arabic] A I
Aldhibah ζ Dra the two wolves (with Athebyne) [Arabic] A B I
Aldulfin ε Del the (tail of the) dolphin [Arabic] A I
Alfirk β Cep the flock [Arabic] A B D I K P
Algedi α2 Cap the kid [Arabic] A D I K P
Algenib γ Peg the side [Arabic] A B D I K P
Algieba γ1 Leo the forehead [Arabic] A B D I K P
Algol β Per the head of the demon [Arabic] A B D I K P
Algorab δ Crv the wing of the raven [Arabic] A B D I K P
Alhena γ Gem the mark on the neck of a camel [Arabic] A B D I K P
Alioth ε UMa the black horse [Arabic] A B D I K P
Aljanah ε Cyg the wing [Arabic] A I K
Alkaid η UMa the leader of the daughters of the bier [Arabic] A B D I K P
Alkalurops μ1 Boo the club, the shepherd's staff [Greek] A B D I K P
Alkaphrah κ UMa the third leap of the gazelles (with Talitha) [Arabic] A D I K
Alkarab υ Peg the bucket rope [Arabic] A I
Alkes α Crt the wine cup [Arabic] A B D I K
Almaaz ε Aur the he goat [Arabic] A I
Almach γ1 And the caracal [Arabic] A B D I K P
Alnair α Gru the bright one [Arabic] A B I K
Alnasl γ Sgr the point of the arrow [Arabic] A D I K
Alnilam ε Ori the string of pearls [Arabic] A B D I K P
Alnitak ζ Ori the belt or girdle of Orion [Arabic] A B D I K P
Alniyat σ Sco the arteries [Arabic] A I K
Alphard α Hya the solitary one [Arabic] A B D I K P
Alphecca α CrB the broken or fractured one [Arabic] A B D I K
Alpheratz α And the horse, the horse's navel, the horse's shoulder [Arabic] A B D I K
Alpherg η Psc the flow of water [Arabic] I
Alrakis μ Dra the trotting camel [Arabic] A D I K
Alrescha α Psc the cord [Arabic] A B D I K
Alruba HD 161693 the foal of the camel [Arabic] A I
Alsafi σ Dra the tripods from the open air kitchens [Arabic] A I
Alsciaukat 31 Lyn the thorn [Arabic] A I
Alsephina δ Vel the ship [Arabic] A I
Alshain β Aql the ravishing falcon, the scale-beam [Persian] A B D I K P
Alshat ν Cap the sheep [Arabic] A I
Altair α Aql the flying eagle or vulture [Arabic] A B D I K P
Altais δ Dra the serpent [Arabic] A D I K
Alterf λ Leo the glance [Arabic] A D I K
Aludra η CMa the virginity [Arabic] A B D I K P
Alula Australis ξ UMa the first southern leap of the gazelles [Arabic/Latin] A B D I K P
Alula Borealis ν UMa the first northern leap of the gazelles [Arabic/Latin] A B D I K P
Alya θ1 Ser the fat tail of a sheep, the neck of the serpent [Arabic] A B D I K P
Alzirr ξ Gem the button [Arabic] A I
Ancha θ Aqr the hip [Latin] A B D I K P
Angetenar τ2 Eri the bend in the river [Arabic] A I
Ankaa α Phe the fabulous bird [Arabic] I K
Anser α Vul the goose [Latin] A I
Antares α Sco similar to Ares [Greek] A B D I K P
Arcturus α Boo the bear watcher or guardian [Greek] A B D I K P
Arkab Posterior β2 Sgr the archer's Achilles tendon [Arabic] A B D I K P
Arkab Prior β1 Sgr the archer's Achilles tendon [Arabic] A B D I K P
Arneb α Lep the hare [Arabic] A B D I K P
Ascella ζ Sgr the armpit [Latin] A B D I K
Asellus Australis δ Cnc the southern ass [Roman/Latin] A B D I K P
Asellus Borealis γ Cnc the northern ass [Roman/Latin] A B D I K P
Ashlesha ε Hya a lunar mansion in Hindu astronomy [Hindu] I
Aspidiske ι Car the little shield [Greek] A D I K
Asterope 21 Tau one of the Pleiades [Greek] A B I K P
Athebyne η Dra the two wolves (with Aldhibah) [Arabic] A I
Atik ο Per the collarbone of the Pleiades (with ζ Per) [Arabic] A B D I K
Atlas 27 Tau name of the father of the Pleiades [Greek] A B D I K P
Atria α TrA a (for alpha) + tri(angle) a(ustrale) I K
Avior ε Car [unknown] I S
Azelfafage π1 Cyg the tortoise [Arabic] A B I K P
Azha η Eri the nest of the ostrich [Arabic] A B D I K P
Azmidi ξ Pup the little shield [Greek] A I P
Barnard's Star V2500 Oph the American astronomer E.E. Barnard [English] I
Baten Kaitos ζ Cet the belly of the sea monster [Arabic] A B D I K
Beemim υ3 Eri the bend in the river [Arabic] A I K
Beid ο1 Eri the eggs [Arabic] A B D I K P
Bellatrix γ Ori the female warrior [Latin] A B D I K P
Betelgeuse α Ori the armpit or hand of Orion [Arabic] A B D I K P
Bharani 41 Ari the bearer [Hindu] I
Biham θ Peg the lucky star of the young beasts [Arabic] A D I K
Botein δ Ari the belly [Arabic] A B I K P
Brachium σ Lib the arm [Latin] A I
Bunda ξ Aqr a lunar mansion in Persian astronomy [Persian] A I
Canopus α Car [unknown] [Greek] A B D I K
Capella α Aur the she goat [Roman] A B D I K P
Caph β Cas the stained hand [Arabic] A B D I K P
Castor α Gem the name of a character in Greek mythology A B D I K P
Castula υ2 Cas the front of the garment [Greek] A I
Cebalrai β Oph the shepherd's dog [Arabic] A B D I K P
Celaeno 16 Tau one of the Pleiades [Greek] A B D I K P
Cervantes μ Ara the writer Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra [Spanish] I
Chalawan 47 UMa the mythological crocodile king [Thai] I
Chamukuy θ2 Tau a type of small bird [Mayan] I
Chara β CVn joy [Greek] A I K
Chertan θ Leo the two small ribs [Arabic] D I K
Copernicus 55 Cnc the Polish astronomer Nicolas Copernicus (Mikolaj Kopernik) [Latin] I
Cor Caroli α2 CVn the heart of Charles [Latin] A B D I K P
Cujam ω Her the club [Latin] A B I K P
Cursa β Eri the foremost chair or footstool of Jauzah [Arabic] A B D I K P
Dabih β1 Cap the lucky star of the slaughterer [Arabic] A B D I K P
Dalim α For the ostrich [Arabic] I P
Deneb α Cyg the tail of the hen [Arabic] A B D I K P
Deneb Algedi δ Cap the tail of the kid [Arabic] A B D I K
Denebola β Leo the tail of the lion [Arabic] A B D I K P
Diadem α Com the jewelled crown [Greek] B I
Diphda β Cet the second frog [Arabic] A B D I K P
Dschubba δ Sco the forehead of the scorpion [Arabic] A B I K
Dubhe α UMa the bear [Arabic] A B D I K P
Dziban ψ1 Dra the hyaenas [Arabic] A B I
Edasich ι Dra the male hyaena [Arabic] A D I K
Electra 17 Tau one of the Pleiades [Greek] A B D I K P
Elgafar φ Vir the covering [Arabic] A I
Elkurud θ Col the ape [Arabic] A I
Elnath β Tau the butting with the horns [Arabic] A B D I K P
Eltanin γ Dra the serpent, the head of the serpent [Arabic] A B D I K P
Enif ε Peg the nose [Arabic] A B D I K P
Errai γ Cep the shepherd [Arabic] A B D I K P
Fafnir 42 Dra the mythological dwarf who turned into a dragon [Norse] I
Fang π Sco the room [Chinese] A I
Fawaris δ Cyg the rider [Arabic] A I
Felis HD 85951 cat [Latin] I
Fomalhaut α PsA the mouth of the fish [Arabic] A B D I K P
Fulu ζ Cas the bypath [Chinese] A I
Fumalsamakah β Psc the mouth of the fish [Arabic] A I
Furud ζ CMa the solitary ones [Arabic] A B D I K P
Fuyue G Sco a former slave that became a high-ranking minister to Wu Ding [Chinese] I
Gacrux γ Cru ga (for gamma) + crux I K
Giausar λ Dra a technical term for the nodes in the Moon's orbit [Persian] A D I K P
Gienah γ Crv the wing of the raven [Arabic] A D I K P
Ginan ε Cru a red dilly-bag filled with special songs of knowledge [Aboriginal Australian - Wardaman] I
Gomeisa β CMi the little bleary-eyed one [Arabic] A B D I K P
Grumium ξ Dra the serpent's lower jaw [Greek], the snout or muzzle [Latin] A B D I K
Hadar β Cen [unknown] [Arabic] A I K
Haedus η Aur the kid [Latin] A I P
Hamal α Ari the lamb or sheep [Arabic] A B D I K P
Hassaleh ι Aur [unknown] B I
Hatsya ι Ori [unknown] B I
Helvetios 51 Peg the Celtic tribe that lived in Switzerland during the Middle Ages [Latin] I
Heze ζ Vir [unknown] B I
Homam ζ Peg the lucky star of the hero [Arabic] A B D I K P
Iklil ρ Sco a lunar mansion in Arabic astronomy [Arabic] A I
Intercrus HD 81688 between the legs [Latin] I
Izar ε Boo the girdle or loin cloth [Arabic] A B D I K
Jabbah ν Sco a lunar mansion in Arabic astronomy [Arabic] A I
Jishui ο Gem the supply of water for winemaking and brewing [Chinese] I
Kaffaljidhma γ Cet the head of the whale [Arabic] A B I
Kang κ Vir the (first star in) the neck [Chinese] A I
Kaus Australis ε Sgr the southern part of the bow [Arabic/Latin] A B D I K P
Kaus Borealis λ Sgr the northern part of the bow [Arabic/Latin] A B D I K P
Kaus Media δ Sgr the middle part of the bow [Arabic/Latin] A B D I K P
Keid ο2 Eri the egg shells [Arabic] A D I K P
Khambalia λ Vir the crooked-clawed [Coptic] I
Kitalpha α Equ the section of the horse [Arabic] A D I K P
Kochab β UMi the star [Arabic/Hebrew] A B D I K P
Kornephoros β Her the club-bearer [Greek] A B D I K P
Kraz β Crv [unknown] B I
Kurhah ξ Cep the white spot on the forehead of a horse [Arabic] A D I K
Larawag ε Sco the signal watcher [Aboriginal Australian - Wardaman] I
Lesath υ Sco the spot, the sting of the scorpion [Arabic] A B D I K
Libertas ξ Aql liberty [Latin] I
Lich PSR B1257+12 the undead creature which controls other undead creatures through magic [Middle English] I
Lilii Borea 39 Ari the northern lily [Latin] I
Maasym λ Her the wrist [Arabic] A B I K P
Mahasim θ Aur the wrist [Arabic] A I
Maia 20 Tau one of the Pleiades [Greek] A B D I K P
Marfik λ Oph the elbow [Arabic] A D I K
Markab α Peg the horse's shoulder or saddle [Arabic] A B D I K P
Markeb κ Vel the ship [Arabic] A B I K
Marsic κ Her the elbow [Arabic] A B I K
Matar η Peg the fortunate rain [Arabic] A B D I K P
Mebsuta ε Gem the outstreched paw of the lion [Arabic] A B D I K P
Megrez δ UMa the root of the tail of the greater bear [Arabic] A B D I K P
Meissa λ Ori the sparkling one [Arabic] A D I K
Mekbuda ζ Gem the folded paw of the lion [Arabic] A B D I K P
Meleph ε Cnc the stall [Arabic] A I
Menkalinan β Aur the shoulder of the rein-holder [Arabic] A B D I K P
Menkar α Cet the nostrils [Arabic] A B D I K
Menkent θ Cen the shoulder of the centaur [Arabic/Latin] I K
Menkib ξ Per the shoulder of the Pleiades [Arabic] A B D I K
Merak β UMa the flank of the greater bear [Arabic] A B D I K P
Merga 38 Boo the hoe or reaping rake [Latin] A B I K
Meridiana α CrA mid-day [Latin] A I
Merope 23 Tau one of the Pleiades [Greek] A B D I K P
Mesarthim γ1 Ari [unknown] [Arabic] A B D I K P
Miaplacidus β Car the still waters [Arabic/Latin] A B D I K
Mimosa β Cru an actor [Latin] I K
Minchir σ Hya the nose of the snake [Arabic] A I
Minelauva δ Vir the corner of the barking dog [Arabic] A B I
Mintaka δ Ori the belt or girdle of Orion [Arabic] A B D I K P
Mira ο Cet the amazing or wonderful one [Latin] A B D I K P
Mirach β And the girdle or loin cloth [Arabic] A B D I K P
Miram η Per [unknown] B I
Mirfak α Per the elbow of the Pleiades [Arabic] A B D I K P
Mirzam β CMa the announcer or proclaimer [Arabic] A B D I K P
Miram κ Per the wrist next to the Pleiades [Arabic] A B I
Mizar ζ UMa the groin [Arabic] A B D I K P
Mothallah α Tri the triangle [Arabic] A B I K P
Muliphein γ CMa the oath [Arabic] A B I K P
Muphrid η Boo the solitary star of the lancer [Arabic] A B D I K P
Muscida ο UMa the muzzle [Latin] A B D I K
Musica 18 Del music [Latin] I
Nahn ξ Cnc the nose [Persian] A I
Naos ζ Pup the ship [Greek] A B I K
Nashira γ Cap the fortunate one, the lucky star of the verdant fields at the end of summer [Arabic] A B D I K P
Nekkar β Boo the ox-driver [Arabic] A B D I K P
Nembus 51 And [unknown] A I
Nihal β Lep the camels beginning to quench their thirst [Arabic] A B D I K P
Nunki σ Sgr the celestial counterpart of the holy city of Eridu [Babylonion] A B D I K
Nusakan β CrB the two lines of stars [Arabic] A B D I K P
Ogma HD 149026 the diety of eloquence, writing and physical strength [Celtic] I
Okab ζ Aql the eagle [Arabic] A I
Peacock α Pav the brightest star in the constellation of the peacock [English] I S
Phact α Col the ring dove [Arabic] A B D I K P
Phecda γ UMa the thigh of the greater bear [Arabic] A B D I K P
Pherkad γ UMi the two calves [Arabic] A B D I K
Piautos λ Cnc the eye [Coptic] A I
Pipirima μ2 Sco Polynesian twins who ran away and became stars [Tahitian] A I
Pleione 28 Tau the name of the mother of the Pleiades [Greek] A B D I K P
Polaris α UMi of the pole [Latin] A B D I K P
Polaris Australis σ Oct of the southern pole [Latin] I
Polis μ1 Sgr the foal [Coptic] A I
Pollux β Gem the name of a character in Greek mythology A B D I K P
Porrima γ Vir name of a Roman goddess A B D I K
Praecipua 46 LMi the chief [Latin] A I P
Prima Hyadum γ Tau the first of the Hyades [Latin] A I P
Procyon α CMi the one preceeding the dog [Greek] A B D I K P
Propus η Gem the forward foot [Greek] A D I K P
Proxima Centauri α Cen C near [Latin] I
Ran ε Eri the goddess of the sea [Norse] I
Rasalas μ Leo the northern part of the lion's head [Arabic] A D I K P
Rasalgethi α1 Her the head of the kneeler [Arabic] A B D I K P
Rasalhague α Oph the head of the serpent collector [Arabic] A B D I K P
Rastaban β Dra the head of the serpent [Arabic] A B D I K
Regulus α Leo the little king [Roman] A B D I K P
Revati ζ Psc prosperous [Sanskrit] A I
Rigel β Ori the foot of Orion [Arabic] A B D I K P
Rigil Kentaurus α Cen the foot of the centaur [Arabic] A D I K
Rotanev β Del 'Venator' spelled backwards (for Italian astronomer Nicolaus Venator) [Italian] A B I K P
Ruchbah δ Cas the knee of the lady of the chair [Arabic] A B D I K P
Rukbat α Sgr the knee of the archer [Arabic] A B D I K
Sabik η Oph the preceding one, the winner [Arabic] A B D I K
Saclateni ζ Aur the second arm [Arabic] A I
Sadachbia γ Aqr the lucky star of the tents [Arabic] A B D I K P
Sadalbari μ Peg the lucky star of the excelling one [Arabic] A D I K
Sadalmelik α Aqr the lucky star of the king [Arabic] A B D I K P
Sadalsuud β Aqr the luckiest of the lucky stars [Arabic] A B D I K P
Sadr γ Cyg the breast of the hen [Arabic] A B D I K P
Saiph κ Ori the sword of the giant [Arabic] A B D I K P
Salm τ Peg the leather bucket [Arabic] A I
Sargas θ Sco a weapon of the god Marduk [Sumerian] A D I K
Sarin δ Her [unknown] B I
Sceptrum 53 Eri part of the obsolete constellation Sceptrum Brandenburgicum [Latin] A B I P
Scheat β Peg the shin [Arabic] A B D I K P
Schedar α Cas the breast [Arabic] A B D I K P
Secunda Hyadum δ Tau the second of the Hyades [Latin] A I P
Segin ε Cas [unknown] B I
Seginus γ Boo the corrupted form of the constellation name [Latin] A B D I K
Sham α Sge the arrow [Arabic] A B I K P
Shaula λ Sco the sting of the scorpion [Arabic] A B D I K P
Sheliak β Lyr the harp [Arabic], the tortoise [Persian] A B D I K P
Sheratan β Ari the two signs [Arabic] A B D I K P
Sirius α CMa the brilliant or scorching one [Greek] A B D I K P
Situla κ Aqr the bucket, pot [Latin] A B I K P
Skat δ Aqr the shin [Arabic] A B D I K P
Spica α Vir the ear of grain [Greek/Roman] A B D I K P
Sualocin α Del 'Nicolaus' spelled backwards (for Italian astronomer Nicolaus Venator) [Italian] A B I K P
Subra ο Leo the mane or shoulder [Arabic] B I K
Suhail λ Vel [unknown] [Arabic] A B I K
Sulafat γ Lyr the tortoise [Arabic] A B D I K P
Syrma ι Vir the train of a dress [Greek] A D I K
Tabit π3 Ori the endurer [Arabic] A B I P
Taiyangshou χ UMa the sun governor [Chinese] A I
Taiyi 8 Dra great oneness [Chinese] A I
Talitha ι UMa the third leap of the gazelles (with Alkaphrah) [Arabic] A B D I K P
Tania Australis μ UMa the second southern leap of the gazelles [Arabic/Latin] A B D I K P
Tania Borealis λ UMa the second northern leap of the gazelles [Arabic/Latin] A B D I K P
Tarazed γ Aql the ravishing falcon, the scale-beam [Persian] A B D I K P
Tarf β Cnc the end [Arabic] A I
Taygeta 19 Tau one of the Pleiades [Greek] A B D I K P
Tegmine ζ1 Cnc the covering or shell [Latin] A I K
Tejat μ Gem the foot [Arabic] A I K P
Terebellum ω Sgr the auger [Latin] A I
Theemin υ2 Eri the bend in the river [Arabic] A B I K P
Thuban α Dra the serpent, the head of the serpent [Arabic] A B D I K P
Tiaki β Gru [unknown] [Maori] I
Tianyi 7 Dra [unknown] [Chinese] I K
Titawin υ And a settlement in northern Morocco I
Tonatiuh HD 104985 the god of the Sun [Aztec] I
Torcular ο Psc the wine press [Latin] A I
Tureis ρ Pup the little shield [Arabic] A I K P
Ukdah ι Hya the knot [Arabic] A I
Unukalhai α Ser the neck of the serpent [Arabic] A B D I K P
Urnurgunite σ CMa an ancestral figure who fought the Moon [Aboriginal Australian - Boroong] I
Vega α Lyr the swooping eagle [Arabic] A B D I K P
Veritate 14 And truth [Latin] I
Vindemiatrix ε Vir the grape gatherer [Greek/Roman] A B D I K P
Wasat δ Gem the middle [Arabic] A B D I K P
Wazn β Col the weight [Arabic] A D I K P
Wezen δ CMa the weight [Arabic] A B I K
Wurren ζ Phe the child of Dungdung, the life-creating Frog Lady [Aboriginal Australian - Wardaman] I
Xamidimura μ1 Sco the eyes of the lion [Khoikhoi] I
Xuange λ Boo the somber lance [Chinese] A I
Yed Posterior ε Oph the hindmost star in the hand [Arabic/Latin] A B D I K P
Yed Prior δ Oph the foremost star in the hand [Arabic/Latin] A B D I K P
Yildun δ UMi the star [Turkish] A B I K P
Zaniah η Vir the angle [Arabic] A D I K
Zaurak γ Eri the bright star of the boat [Arabic] A B D I K P
Zavijava β Vir the angle [Arabic] A B D I K P
Zhang υ1 Hya the drawn bow [Chinese] A I
Zibal ζ Eri the young of the ostriches [Arabic] A B I K P
Zosma δ Leo the girdle or loin cloth [Greek] A B D I K P
Zubenelgenubi α2 Lib the southern claw of the scorpion [Arabic] A B D I K
Zubenelhakrabi γ Lib the claws of the scorpion [Arabic] A B I
Zubeneschamali β Lib the northern claw of the scorpion [Arabic] A B D I K

Alternative Names

Many of the stars which now have IAU-approved names originally had alternative names which were used in times past.

NameBayer or Catalogue DesignationApproved NameMeaningSources
Adib α Dra Thuban the hyaenas [Arabic] A K
Adfar Aldib ω Dra, f Dra the claws of the wolves [Arabic] A
Agena β Cen Hadar a (for alpha) + genu (knee) [Greek/Latin] A K
Aggia η Oph, θ Oph, ξ Oph Sabik (η) the magician [Coptic] A
Al Aghnam κ Cep, π Cep the flock of sheep [Arabic] A
Alahakan ψ1 Dra, χ Dra Dziban (ψ1) the two black bulls [Arabic] A
Alanz ε Aur Almaaz the group of goats [Arabic] A
Alaraph β Vir Zavijava [unknown] B
Albulan ε Aqr, μ Aqr, ν Aqr Albali (ε) the good fortune of the swallower [Arabic] A K
Al Butain ε Ari, ζ Ari, π Ari, ρ Ari the belly [Arabic] A
Al Dafirah γ Com the tuft of hair in the lion's tail [Arabic] A
Aldib ι Dra Edasich the wolf [Arabic] A P
Algenib α Per Mirfak the side [Arabic] A B K
Algenubi ε Leo the southern star in the lion's head [Arabic] A
Alhajoth α Aur Capella [unknown] A B
Alhaud θ UMa, τ UMa, υ UMa, φ UMa, e UMa, f UMa, h UMa the pond [Arabic] A K
Alhiba λ Aur, μ Aur, σ Aur the tent [Arabic] A
Alkafzah χ UMa the third leap of the gazelles [Arabic] A
Al Kaff Al Jidhmah δ Cet, μ Cet, ξ1 Cet, ξ2 Cet the part of a hand [Arabic] A
Alkalabain κ1 Tau, κ2 Tau, υ Tau, φ Tau, χ Tau the two dogs [Arabic] A
Al Kidr θ Cep the pot [Arabic] A
Alkiladah ψ Sgr the necklace [Arabic] A
Al Kumm ο1 Ori, ο2 Ori the sleeve [Arabic] A
Al Marfak μ Cas the elbow [Arabic] A
Almizan δ Aql, η Aql, θ Aql the scale-beam [Arabic] A
Almuredin ε Vir Vindemiatrix the one preceding the grape gatherer [Greek/Arabic] A K
Al Na'ir α Gru Alnair the bright one from the fish's tail [Arabic] A K
Al Naymat θ Cet, τ Cet, υ Cet the hen ostriches [Arabic] A
Alnitham φ1-4 Cet the necklace [Arabic] A
Al Rami α Sgr Rukbat the archer [Arabic] A B K
Alrial β Phe, γ Phe, κ Phe, μ Phe, ν Phe the young ostriches [Arabic] A
Alrucaba α UMi Polaris the knee [Arabic] A B K
Alsad ζ Aqr the fortunate [Arabic] A
Al Salib γ Del the pillar of the cross [Arabic] A
Al Sharasif β Hya, κ Hya the ribs [Arabic] A
Al Taj π1 Ori, π2 Ori, π4 Ori, π5 Ori, π6 Ori the crown [Persian] A
Al Thalimain ι Aql, λ Aql the two ostriches [Arabic] A
Althiba ο UMa, π UMa, ρ UMa, σ UMa, d UMa, A UMa Muscida (ο) the gazelle [Arabic] A
Al Ukud δ Del the pearls [Arabic] A
Aludhi ρ1 Eri, ρ2 Eri, ρ3 Eri the ostrich nest [Arabic] A
Alwaid β Dra, γ Dra, μ Dra, ν Dra, ξ Dra Alrakis (μ), Eltanin (γ), Grumium (ξ), Rastaban (β) the mother camels [Arabic] A
Al Zara ο2 CMa the virgin [Arabic] A
Anwa Farkadain η UMi the lights of the two calves [Arabic] A
Arich γ Vir Porrima [unknown] B
Arided α Cyg Deneb the follower [Arabic] A B K
Arrakis μ Dra Alrakis the trotting camel [Arabic] A B P
Arsh Al Jauzah δ Lep the throne of Jauzah [Arabic] A
Asmidiske ξ Pup Azmidi the little shield [Greek] A B P
Asterion β CVn Chara little star [Greek] B
Athafi σ Dra, τ Dra, υ Dra Alsafi (σ) the kitchen tripod [Arabic] A
Athfar μ Lyr the talons [Arabic] A
Atik ζ Per, ο Per Atik (ο) the collarbone of the Pleiades [Arabic] D K
Aulad Alnathlat ψ Boo the low little ones [Arabic] A
Aulad Althiba λ Boo Xuange the whelps of the hyaenas [Arabic] A
Auva δ Vir Minelauva the corner of the barking dog [Arabic] B
Azimech α Vir Spica the unarmed simāk [Arabic] A B K
Barani 33 Ari, 35 Ari, 39 Ari, 41 Ari Bharani (c or 41), Lilii Borea (39) the bearer [Hindu] A
Baten Kentaurus ζ Cen the bright one in the belly of the centaur [Arabic] A K
Benetnasch η UMa Alkaid the daughters of the bier [Arabic] A B K
Blaze Star T CrB a recurrent nova which reached magnitude +2.5 in 1866 [English] A
Bungula α Cen Rigil Kentaurus b (for beta) + ungula (hoof) [Greek/Latin] A K
Calx μ Gem the heel [Latin] A
Canicula α CMa Sirius the little dog [Latin] A B
Caput Trianguli α Tri Mothallah the head of the triangle [Latin] A
Ceginus φ Boo the corrupted form of the constellation name [Latin] A
Chara α CVn Cor Caroli joy [Greek] B
Cheleb β Oph Cebalrai the shepherd's dog [Arabic] A
Chort θ Leo Chertan the two small ribs [Arabic] A
Circitores ε UMi the circlers [Latin] A
Cor Hydrae α Hya Alphard the heart of the water snake [Latin] A B
Cor Serpentis α Ser Unukalhai the heart of the snake [Latin] A B
Coxa θ Leo Chertan in the hip [Latin] B K P
Cynosura α UMi Polaris the dog's tail [Greek] A B
Dabih Major β1 Cap Dabih the lucky star of the slaughterer [Arabic] A P
Dabih Minor β2 Cap the lucky star of the slaughterer [Arabic] A P
Dalim θ1 Eri Acamar the ostrich [Arabic] A K
Deneb Algenubi η Cet the southern tail [Arabic] A
Deneb Alnahr β Cet Tiaki the bright one of the tail [Arabic] A
Deneb Hut γ Cet the tail of the fish [Arabic] A
Deneb Kaitos β Cet Diphda the southern tail of the sea monster [Arabic] A B D K
Deneb Okab ε Aql, ζ Aql the tail of the eagle [Arabic] A B
Dhibain η Dra Althebyne the wolves [Arabic] A
Dnoces ι UMa Talitha 'second' spelled backwards (for Apollo 1 astronaut Edward Higgins White the second) [English] K
Dolones ψ1-9 Aur, 16 Lyn the goads [Latin] A
Duhr δ Leo Zosma the back of the lion [Arabic] A K
Elacrab γ Sco the claws of the scorpion [Arabic] A B
Elgomaisa α CMi Procyon [unknown] A B
Erakis γ Cep Errai [unknown] B
Fum Al Faras ν Peg the mouth of the horse [Arabic] A
Fum Al Hut β PsA the mouth of the fish [Arabic] A
Fawaris δ Cyg, ζ Cyg, κ Cyg the riders [Arabic] A
Flying Star Groombridge 1830 a high-velocity star whose exceptional proper motion was discovered by F.W. Argelander in 1842 [English] A
Garafsa θ Oph the serpent tamer [Persian] A
Garnet Star μ Cep a star with a deep red colour [English] A K P
Gemma α CrB Alphecca the gem or jewel [Latin] A B K P
Gianfar δ Dra a technical term for the nodes in the Moon's orbit [Persian] B
Gienah ε Cyg Aljanah the wing [Arabic] A B K
Girtab θ Sco Sargas the scorpion [Sumerian] A D K
Girtab ι Sco the scorpion [Sumerian] A
Gnosia α CrB Alphecca the star of the crown of Knossos [Latin] A B
Gorgona β Per Algol the head of the Gorgon [Greek] A B
Gorgona Prima β Per Algol the head of the Gorgon [Greek] A
Gorgona Quarta ο Per the head of the Gorgon [Greek] A
Gorgona Secunda π Per the head of the Gorgon [Greek] A
Gorgona Tertia ρ Per the head of the Gorgon [Greek] A
Graffias β Sco Acrab the crab [Greek], the claws [Latin] A B D K
Grassias ξ Sco the crab [Greek], the claws [Latin] A
Gredi α Cap Algedi the goat [Arabic] A B
Haedus Primus η Aur Haedus the kid [Latin] A B P
Haedus Secundus ζ Aur Saclateni the kid [Latin] A B P
Haris γ Boo Seginus [unknown] B
Heka λ Ori Meissa a circle of hair [Arabic] A B K P
Heka φ1 Ori a circle of hair [Arabic] A K
Hika φ2 Ori a circle of hair [Arabic] A K
Hind's Crimson Star R Lep a distinctly red variable carbon star observed by British astronomer J.R. Hind [English] A
Iclarkrau δ Sco Dschubba the crown of the scorpion [Arabic] A P
Isis μ CMa name of an Egyptian goddess [Egyptian] A
Jabhat Acrabi ω1 Sco, ω2 Sco the forehead of the scorpion [Arabic] A
Kalbalfird η Cep the stars of the flock [Arabic] A
Kabalinan ι Aur the heel of the reinholder [Arabic] A
Kaffa δ UMa Megrez [unknown] B
Kaitain α Psc Alrescha the thread [Arabic] A B
Kalb α Leo Regulus the heart of the lion [Arabic] A B
Kalbalrai ρ Cep the shepherd's dog [Arabic] A
Kapteyn's Star VZ Pic a high-velocity star whose exceptional proper motion was discovered by J. Kapteyn in 1898 [English] A
Kerb τ Peg Salm the bucket rope [Arabic] A B
Kiffa Australis α2 Lib Zubenelgenubi the southern tray of the scale [Arabic/Latin] A B P
Kiffa Borealis γ Lib Zubeneschamali the northern tray of the scale [Arabic/Latin] A B P
Kissin UU Com a species of ivy or convolvulus [Latin] A
Koleon μ Ari the belly [Coptic] A
Ksora δ Cas Ruchbah [unknown] B
Kuma ν Dra [unknown] B
Kursi Al Jabbar γ Lep the chair of the giant [Arabic] [English] A
Kursi Al Jauzah β Eri, λ Eri, ψ Eri, τ Her Cursa (β) the foremost chair or footstool of Jauzah [Arabic] A K
Kurud θ Col, κ Col Elkurud (θ) the apes [Arabic] A
Kuton δ Psc, ζ Psc Revati (ζ) the cord [Coptic] A
La Superba Y CVn a distinctly red variable carbon star observed by Italian astronomer A. Secchi [Italian] A
Manica g Ori the protecting gauntlet [Latin] A
Marfak θ Cas the elbow [Arabic] A
Menkab α Cet Menkar the nostrils [Arabic] A B P
Menkar λ Cet the nostrils [Arabic] A
Merez β Boo Nekkar [unknown] B
Merkeb k Pup something to ride upon [Arabic] A
Metallah α Tri Mothallah [unknown] B
Minazal δ Hya, ε Hya, ζ Hya, η Hya, ρ Hya Ashlesha (ε) belonging to the uninhabited spot [Arabic] A
Minkalshuja σ Hya Minchir the nose of the snake [Arabic] A
Minkar α Crv, ε Crv Alchiba (α) the beak of the raven [Arabic] A B
Minkarasad κ Leo the nose of the lion [Arabic] A
Mirak ε Boo Izar the belt of the shouter [Arabic] A B
Mirza γ CMa Muliphein the announcer or proclaimer [Arabic] A
Misam Al Thurayya χ Per, h Per the wrist next to the Pleiades [Arabic] A
Mizan β Tri the scale-beam [Arabic] A
Mizan Batil θ2 Ori, c Ori the false scale-beam [Arabic] A
Muhlifain γ Cen the oath [Arabic] K
Na'ir al Zaurak α Phe Ankaa the bright one in the boat [Arabic] A K
Namalsadirah ζ Sgr, σ Sgr, τ Sgr, φ Sgr, χ Sgr Ascella (ζ), Nunki (σ) the returning ostriches [Arabic] A
Namalwarid γ Sgr, δ Sgr, ε Sgr, η Sgr Alnasl (γ), Kaus Australis (ε), Kaus Media (δ) the going ostriches [Arabic] A
Nash γ Sgr Alnasl the point of the arrow [Arabic] A B
Nasak Shamiya γ Her, β Ser, γ Ser the northern boundary of the pasture [Arabic] A
Nasak Yamani δ Ser, ε Ser the southern boundary of the pasture [Arabic] A
Nashira Prima ι Cap the fortunate one, the lucky star of the verdant fields at the end of summer [Arabic] P
Nashira Posterior γ Cap Nashira the fortunate one, the lucky star of the verdant fields at the end of summer [Arabic] A P
Nasr Alwaki ζ1 Lyr, ζ2 Lyr the stone eagle of the dessert [Arabic] A
Navi γ Cas 'Ivan' spelled backwards [for Apollo 1 astronaut Virgil Ivan 'Gus' Grissom) [English] K
Nodus Primus ζ Dra Aldhibah the first convolution [Latin] B P
Nodus Secundus δ Dra Altais the second convolution [Latin] A B P
Nucatai ν Gem the hump of the camel [Arabic] A
Nur π Sco Fang bright [Persian] A
Nushaba γ Sgr Alnasl the point of the arrow [Arabic] A B K
Oculus Australis α Tau Aldebaran the southern eye [Latin] A
Oculus Boreus ε Tau Ain the northern eye [Latin] A
Okda α Psc Alrescha the knot [Arabic] A B P
Palilicium α Tau Aldebaran the feast of Pales [Latin] A B
Phad γ UMa Phecda the thigh of the greater bear [Arabic] A
Pherkad Major γ UMi Pherkad the two calves [Arabic] A P
Pherkad Minor 11 UMi the two calves [Arabic] A P
Pherkard 11 UMi the two calves [Arabic] A B
Praesepe ε Cnc Meleph the manger [Latin] A B P
Prima Giedi α2 Cap Algedi the kid [Arabic] A P
Primus Asellus θ Boo the first ass [Latin] A
Pulcherrima ε Boo Izar the most beautiful [Latin] A B K
Rana Secunda δ Eri the second frog [Arabic/Latin] B P
Rasalasad Australis ε Leo the southern part of the lion's head [Arabic] A B P
Rasalasad Borealis μ Leo Rasalas the northern part of the lion's head [Arabic] A B P
Reda γ Aql Tarazed [unknown] B
Regor γ Vel 'Roger' spelled backwards (for Apollo 1 astronaut Roger Bruce Chaffee) [English] K
Revenante of the Swan P Cyg the returning star of Cygnus (hypergiant luminous blue variable star) [French/English] A
Rigilawwa μ Vir the foot of the barker [Arabic] A
Ruchba ω2 Cyg the knee of the hen [Arabic] A
Rutilicus β Her Kornephoros the armpit [Latin] A B K
Sadalmatar ο Peg the lucky rain [Arabic] A
Sadalmulk ο Aqr the lucky star of the king [Arabic] A
Sadalnazi λ Peg the good luck of the camel striving to get to pasture [Arabic] A
Sadatoni ζ Aur Saclateni [unknown] A D
Sadr Al Kaitos ε Cet, π Cet, ρ Cet, σ Cet the breast of the whale [Arabic] A
Saif Al Jabbar η Ori the sword of the giant [Arabic] A
Saik ζ Oph the driver [Arabic] A
Scheddi δ Cap Deneb Algedi the tail of the goat [Arabic] A B
Schemali ι Cet northern [Arabic] A
Seat π Aqr [unknown] A
Secunda Giedi α1 Cap Algedi the kid [Arabic] A P
Secundus Asellus ι Boo the second ass [Latin] A
Sertan α Cnc Acubens the crab [Arabic] A B K P
Shaukah 31 Lyn Alsciaukat the thorn [Arabic] A
Sirrah α And Alpheratz the navel of the horse [Arabic] A B K P
Sterope I 21 Tau Asterope one of the Pleiades [Greek] A D K
Sterope II 22 Tau Asterope one of the Pleiades [Greek] A D K
Suhel α Car Canopus [unknown] [Arabic] A B K
Suudalnujam ξ Peg the lucky star [Arabic] A
Tais δ Dra, ε Dra, π Dra, ρ Dra Altais (δ) the serpent [Arabic] A
Tali Al Shaulah μ1 Sco, μ2 Sco that which follows the sting [Arabic] A
Tejat Posterior μ Gem Tejat the back foot [Arabic] A B K P
Tejat Prior η Gem Propus the forward foot [Arabic] A K P
Tertius Asellus κ1 Boo, κ2 Boo the third ass [Latin] A
Thabit υ Ori the endurer [Arabic] A
Thail A And the train of the garment [Arabic] A
Thiba δ Boo the female wolves [Arabic] A
Toliman α Cen Rigil Kentaurus the ostriches [Arabic] B K
Trapezium θ1 Ori the four-sided figure [Latin] A
Tureis ι Car Aspidiske an aplustre [Arabic] A B
Tyl ε Dra [unknown] B
Udra ο1CMa the virgins [Arabic] A
Ukdah τ1 Hya, τ2 Hya, A Hya the knot [Arabic] A
Vanant ι2 Sco the stinger [Persian] A
Variablis Coronae R CrB the variable star in Corona Borealis [Latin] A
Vespertilio α Sco Antares the bat [Latin] A B
Zubanah ι Cnc the claws [Arabic] A
Zubanalkravi σ Lib Brachium the claws of the scorpion [Arabic] A B P
Zuben Elakribi δ Lib the claws of the scorpion [Arabic] B
Zubra FN Leo the mane [Arabic] A

Sources

A Richard Hinkley Allen Star Names: Their Lore and Meaning 1963 Dover Publications, Inc.
B Antonín Bečvář Atlas of the Heavens - Ⅱ Catalogue 1950.0 1964 Sky Publishing Corporation
D George A. Davis, Jr Pronunications, Derivations, and Meanings of a Selected List of Star Names 1971 Sky Publishing Corporation
I IAU Division C Working Group on Star Names 2018 International Astronomical Union
K Paul Kunitzsch
and Tim Smart
A Dictionary of Modern Star Names (Second Revised Edition) 2006 New Track Media LLC (Sky Publishing)
P Giuseppe Piazzi Praecipuarum Stellarum Inerrantium Positiones Mediae Ineunte Saeculo ⅩⅨ 1814 Panormi
S Donald H. Sadler A Personal History of H.M. Nautical Almanac Office, 30 October 1930-18 February 1972 [unpublished]